Child Labour Essay – Causes, Effects and Solution

child labour essay

Child Labour Essay, of children in any work that deprives them of their childhood, impedes their ability to have a proper schooling and that is morally, socially, physically or mentally harmful and dangerous. Many international organisations consider this practice as exploitative. The Legislation prohibits child labour around the world.

This child labour essay depicts the causes, effects and solution for the child labour prevention.

Child Labour Essay Intro

Every work that children do is not considered as child labour. Certain works like some kinds of child work that is prevalent among the indigenous American children, some categories of work like those by the Amish children, supervised training, family duties, work by the child artists and others.

Child labour is still prevalent in the developing countries with poor schooling opportunities and high poverty.

The highest child labour incidence rates are found in Sub-Saharan Africa with several nations of the African continent with over fifty percent of children in the age group of 5-14 years working. The biggest employer of child labour is the worldwide agriculture.

In the informal urban economy and the rural settings, a high majority of child labour in India is witnessed.

The primary causes of child labour are the lack of schools and poverty. Between 1960 and 2003, the incidence of child labour reduced from 25% to 10% according to the World Bank. However, the number of child labourers remain high around the world. The ILO and UNICEF have estimated that 168 million children in the age group of were engaged in child labour in the year 2013.

Child Labour

Child Labour Essay – Causes of Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the causes of child labour. The elements that are responsible for the child labour in India include the

  • Illiteracy and Poverty of the parents of the child.
  • The cultural values of the surrounding society and the family as well.
  • High rates of under-employment and adult unemployment.
  • Lack of Skills training
  • Lack of access to meaningful and basic quality education.
  • Lack of awareness about the child labour’s harmful effects.
  • The economic and social circumstances of the family.

Due to a family indebtedness, the children are forced to labour very often. The children who are at a risk of dropping out and the Out of school children (OOSC) are drawn into work very easily and are highly vulnerable to exploitation. The girls, especially from the socially disadvantaged groups, will be at a higher risk of being bonded to labour.

The other causes for child labour are as follows

  • The lack of livelihood options and poverty force the children to contribute to the income of the family.
  • Due to family indebtedness, natural disasters like droughts and conflicts.
  • The urban migration and rural poverty expose the children to being trafficked for work.
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Child Labour Essay – Effects of Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the effects of child labour.

  • In terms of economic welfare, the presence of numerous child labourers is considered as a serious issue.
  • The children engaged in child labour in India are deprived of necessary education. These children do not get the opportunity to develop psychologically, emotionally, intellectually and physically.
  • The children are not ready for long hours of monotonous work considering their physical condition. When compared with adults, they become more exhausted very quickly.
  • In some situations, the working conditions are highly hazardous.
  • Children who are engaged fully in work without going to school will remain as illiterates. This limits their ability to contribute to their own well-being and also the community in which they live.
  • For any nation, there will be long term adverse effects due to child labour.

Child Labour Essay – Challenges to Ending Child Labour

In this section of child labour essay, we will learn about the challenges to ending child labour.

  • Child Labour is not uniform and it takes various forms depending on the sex and age of the child, whether they work with families or work independently and the kind of work that the they are made to do.
  • There is no single strategy that can eliminate child labour in India due to the complex nature of child labour.
  • Combatting the child labour needs a co-ordinated action for a longer period of time which engages the government and various stakeholders. This incorporates the employers, trade unions, community-based organizations, NGOs, mass media and educational institutions.
  • It is extremely important that the mindsets and attitudes of the people are changed in allowing the children to go to school and employing adults instead of children. Children should get the chance to socialize, play and learn.
  • Education is the highly successful method for eliminating the child labour. This incorporates utilising the existing systems to make sure child workers return to school, providing relevant vocational training, addressing violence in schools, enhancing the relevance and quality of education and widening the education access to schooling.
  • The key international laws that deal with the essay on child labour include the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) and the International Labour Organization (ILO).



UNICEF is employing many strategies to eliminate the child labour across the globe. Some of them are stated below.

  • Reforming the existing legislation.
  • The mobilization of communities and families and raising of awareness against the exploitation of children.
  • Strengthening the child protection systems, which include the  implementation of Juvenile Justice Act and Integrated Child Protection Scheme.
  • Working towards convergence between the departments of the government to rehabilitate the existing child labourers and eliminate child labour.


  • Almost every nation in the world have made laws aimed at and relating to eliminating child labour.
  • Most of the nations have signed on and ratified the international law which was set with the help of International Labour Organisation(ILO).
  • The term child labour essay can be misleading sometimes when it confuses hazardous work with the employment that may be useful to children.
  • If the quality or the curricula of the school do not provide the children with right skills for the jobs that are available or if children do not have the aptitude for schoolwork, school may hamper the learning of skills, like agriculture, which will become obligatory for the future livelihood.
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