Diwali or “Festival of Lights” is an occasion for joy, prosperity and brightness. Diwali is an important festival for Hindus, Sikhs and Jains. While in Hinduism, Diwali signifies the victory over darkness, Diwali marks the attainment of nirvana by Mahavira, in Jainism. Sikhs often represent Diwali as a “Day of Freedom”.
Diwali is celebrated on the darkest night Amavasya in the month of Kartik which falls in the period from October to November time. It is a marked by five days of celebration, consisting of endless rituals and customs.
Dhanteras falls on the first day of Diwali and most families buy dishes or decorations in the day as tradition. The second day is known as Choti Diwali. This is the day of Narak-Chaturdashi on which Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama defeated Narakasura. Badi Diwali is celebrated on the third day of the festival and this is the most important day. Lakshmi Puja is performed on the same day. On the fourth day, according to legend, Bali was defeated by Vishnu, entered in Patala Loka. On the last day of Diwali, Bhai Dooj is celebrated as a sign of recognition of love between brothers and sisters. This day is also called Yama Dvitiya.
All the rituals of Diwali have a religious or cultural significance. Light sparkle and shine, and people thank the gods for that health, wealth, knowledge, peace and prosperity to them. Again, firecrackers demonstrate the joy that fills the hearts of people who are full of life and hope for a great year ahead!
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