The Prime Minister is the most superior of the cabinet in the administrative branch of government. Prime Minister chooses and may dismiss other members in the cabinet, they have all powers and authorities about the government. The Prime Minister of India is the head of government, appointed by the President of India after a political party wins in the General Election Commission. The first Prime Minister of India was appointed in 1947, whose name is Jawaharlal Nehru, who was the Prime Minister of India for about 16 years 286 days, which was the longest Prime Minister of India.
List of All Prime Ministers of India in chronological order:
|1||Jawahar Lal Nehru||(1889–1964)||15 August 1947-27 May 1964|
16 years, 286 days.
|First and the longest serving prime minister of independent India. The first serving PM who died in office.|
|2||Gulzarilal Nanda||(1898–1998)||27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964|
|The first acting PM of the country took charge after the untimely death of Nehru.|
|3||Lal Bahadur Shastri||(1904–1966)||9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966|
1 year, 216 days.
|He was the pioneer of the slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ during the Indo-Pak war in 1965.|
|4||Gulzarilal Nanda||(1898-1998)||11 January 1966, 24 January 1966|
|The only man who served twice as an acting PM of India.|
|5||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977|
11 years, 59 days.
|The first lady who took oath as the Prime Minister of India.|
|6||Morarji Desai||(1896–1995)||24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979|
2 years, 126 days.
|First PM after the emergency in 1977. The oldest PM of India took oath at the age of 81, the first to resign from office. He was born on 29th February, so he used to celebrate his birthday once in a four-year.|
|7||Charan Singh||(1902–1987)||28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980|
|Only PM who never faced the Parliament.|
|8||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||14 Jan.1980 to 31 Oct. 1984|
4 years, 291 days.
|The first PM came back in power in 1980 after the 1977 debacle. Like her father, she also died in office.|
|9||Rajiv Gandhi||(1944–1991)||31 Oct 1984 to 2 Dec 1989|
5 years, 32 days.
|He became the youngest PM of India|
at the age of 40.
|10||V. P. Singh||(1931–2008)||2 Dec 1989 to 10 Nov 1990|
|The first PM who resigned after voting of no confidence.|
|11||Chandra Shekhar||(1927–2007)||10 Nov 1990 to 21 June 1991|
|He never worked as a minister in any ministry.|
|12||P. V. Narasimha Rao||(1921–2004)||21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996, 4 years, 330 days.||He was from Andhra Pradesh and became the first South Indian PM of the country.|
|13||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(1924-2018)||16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996|
|PM for just 16 days shortest tenure of any Indian PM.|
|14||H. D. Deve Gowda||(born 1933)||1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997|
|He became the second PM of South India. He is from Karnataka. However, he stayed in the office for less than a year.|
|15||Inder Kumar Gujral||(1919–2012)|| 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998|
|Third PM to be from the Upper House after Indra Gandhi & Deve Gowda.|
|16||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(born 1924-2018)||19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004|
6 years, 64 days.
|First non-congress PM of independent India who completed his full term as PM.|
|17||Manmohan Singh||(born 1932)||22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014|
10 years, 4 days.
|First PM from the minority community.|
|18||Narendra Modi||(born 1950)||2014-Present||Before Modi, three PMs served two terms or more. He has also joined this coveted list in 2019.|
List of PMs of India
1. Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India, and he is the important person in Indian politics before and after Independence. He was born on November 14th 1889, in Allahabad, on his birthday children will celebrate children’s day. His parents are Mothilal nehru and Swaruprani Thussu.
He was married to Kamala Nehru, and Nehru was died in 27th May 1964, New Delhi.
Jawaharlal Nehru’s famous quotes are:
- Life is like a game of cards. The hand that is dealt you is determinism; the way you play it is free will.
- Culture is the widening of the mind and of the spirit.
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri
He is the second Prime Minister of Republic of India, and he is the chief of the Indian National Congress Party. He is also one of the member in Independence movement in 1920. He was born on October 2nd 1904, Mughalsarai his parents are Ramdulari Devi, Sharada Prasad Srivastava, He guided the country throughout the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965.
His slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”. Became very famous during the war and is remembered even today. He died in 11th January 1966 Tashkent. He is awarded with Bharat Ratna.
3. Gulzarilal Nanda
Gulzarilal Nanda was the Prime Minister of India for two short interval times backing the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964 and also Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966. He was an Indian politician and also Economist in which he is particularly famous in labour issues.
Gulzarilal Nanda was born in July 4 1898, Sialkot in Pakistan. His parents were Bulaqi Ram Nanda, Ishwari Devi Nada.he is awarded with Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan. He died in January 15 1998.
4. Morarji Desai
Morarji Desai the Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979, and was an Indian independence revolutionary. He guides India first non-Congress Government, he was born on 29 February 1896 in Valsad.
His famous books are The story of my life, Nature cure. And also awarded with Bharat Ratna. He died on 10 April 1995, Mumbai.
5. Charan Singh
Charan singh was the Prime Minister of the Republic of India from July 1979. He was born on 23 December 1902, noorpur Uttar pradesh.
He done his education at Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, and his famous books are India’s Economic Policy: The Gandhian Blueprint, he died on 29 May 1987 New Delhi.
6. Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi full name was Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, she is the member of Nehru family, she is born as Indira Nehru on 19th November 1917 in Allahabad in a Kashmiri Pandit family.
Jawharlal Nehru is the father of Indira Gandhi and he is main member in Indian politics, and also fight for Independence from British ruling and he became first Prime Minister of India. Her mother was Kamala Nehru a large family estate in Allahabad at Anand Bhavan.
Her famous quotes are:
- You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist.
- The power to question is the basis of all human progress.
- Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave.
7. Rajiv Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi was the seventh Prime Minister of India from 1984 to 1989, he took role after the assassination of his mother in 1984. His mother is the Prime Minister of India. At the age of 40 he became Prime Minister of India, he is the youngest Prime Minister in India.
He was born on 20 August 1944 Mumbai. His parents are Indira Gandhi, Feroze Gandhi. He got married to Sonia Gandhi in 1968, he also awarded with Bharat Ratna, Indira Gandhi Prize.
8. V. P. Singh
P. Singh his full name was Raja Vishwanath Pratap Singh, he is the 7th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990. He was an Indian politician and government official, he was the 41st nominal Raja Bahadur of the northern feudal estate of Mandal.
He was born on June 25 1931 Allahabad. His famous books are
- Vishwanath Pratap Singh: Politician
- Every Time I Wake Up.
9. Chandra Shekhar
Chandra Shekar was the 8th Prime Minister of India. He was born on 1 July 1927, Ibrahimpatti, he served as Prime Minister from November 10th 1990 to June 21 1991. His education wa done at University of Allahabad.
Chandra Shekar party name is Samajwadi Janata Party, and his famous books were Dynamics of Social Change. He was died on 2007 July 8 New Delhi.
10. P. V. Narasimha Rao
V. Narasimha Rao his full name was Pamulaparti Venkata Narasimha Rao, he served as 9th Prime Minister of India from 1991 to 1996. He was lawyer and an Indian politician.
He was born on 28th June 1921, in Vangara at Karimnagar. His party name is Indian National Congress. His famous books are Ayodhya 6 December 1992, The Insider. He was died on 23rd December 2004.
11. H. D. Deve Gowda
D. Deve Gowda his full name was Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda. He was born on May 18th 1933. Formerly he was the Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1994 to 1996.
He is an Indian Politician who was the Prime Minister of India from 1994 to 1997.
12. I. K. Gujral
Inder Kumar Gujral he was the third PM to be from the Rajya Sabha, he was born on 4 December 1919, Jhelum, Pakistan. The first existence was Indira Gandhi and the second H. D. Deve Gowda. He was died on 30 November 2012. Gujral was an Indian politician and he performed as Prime Minister of India from April 1997 to March 1998.
13. Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian Politician and the 10th Prime Minister of India. first for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004. He was born on 25 December 1924. His famous books are Decisive days, Meri Ekyavan Kavitayen.
He also awarded as Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan.
His quotes are:
- You can change friends but not neighbours.
- Global interdependence today means that economic disasters in developing countries could create a backlash on developed countries.
14. Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist and politician who performed as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. He was born on 26 September 1932, he was awarded as CNN-IBN Indian of the Year in Politics, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year.
15. Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi full name was Narendra Damodardas Modi. He was the 14th Prime Minister of India and he is current Prime Minister since may 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and he is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi.
He was born on 17 September 1950. And his parents were Heeraben Modi, Damodardas Mulchand Modi.